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The medina of Fez: :


Fes or Fez is the third largest city in Morocco after Casablanca and Rabat. This is one of the four imperial cities (Marrakech, Meknes and Rabat).

The medina (old city), World Heritage Site by UNESCO is a model example of an eastern city. It is unchanged since the twelfth century.

The deep blue of its ceramic is one of the characteristic symbols of Fez. It has the largest medina in the world. Its international past makes it one of the capitals of Muslim civilization along with Damascus, Baghdad, Cordoba, Granada ..., Tlemcen.

According to legend, the city name comes from the discovery of a pick (Arabic: فأس [F's], pick) to the location of the first foundations.

The history of Fez:

The first core of the city known as Fes al Bali, was founded by Idris 1 in 172H / 789 AD on the right bank of Wadi Fez to the location of the area known as the Andalusians. This name comes from the first settlement of the city which, in addition to native, receiving refugee families after the famous Andalusian riot occurred in the suburb of Cordova August 1 7-1 8.

In 857

EIn 857, a woman named Fatima al Fihriya built near the left bank of the mosque Karaouyine become the largest sanctuary in the city. It will be enlarged by Youssef bin Tachefine Almoravids (1060-1106) who took the city in 1069, just as it unifies the city originally divided into two neighborhoods, destroyed the walls that separated the two and creates a revival of economic life by constructing foundouqs (inns), baths and mills.

En 908-9

In 908-9, the son of Idris I founded a new city on the left bank of the Oued Fez, exactly opposite the area of ​​Andalusia, the location of the headquarters of Kairouan. This name comes from, for its part, the arrival of families from this town in lfriqya (present Tunisia). The city was surrounded by a wall pierced with six gates and a mosque. In the city opposite, Idriss He also built an enclosure, a mosque, a palace and a market.

In 1143

In 1143, after a siege of nine months, Fez is occupied by the Almohad (1130-1269). Behind its walls, the city is organized: as Marrakech, it has its places of worship, trade, its system of water supply, its corporations, its aristocracy, and so on.

In the mid-century Xlllth

With Merinids who conquered the middle of the century Xlllth, Fez became the capital of Morocco and knows its golden age. Their first great ruler, Abu Youssef Yacoub (1258-1286) founded Fez Jdid (the Newfoundland) in 1276, immediately west of the city, the fortified enclosure of a potent, with a large mosque, neighborhoods residential palace (missing), gardens. At the fourteenth century, a Jewish neighborhood, the first Mellah of Morocco, came to join with the new foundation. But Merinids ahead primarily as builders of madrassas, these colleges different characteristics of size and decor, rivaling in beauty and symmetry organized around a patio porch more or less extensive whose center is occupied by a basin or a basin